Listing of Sculpture
Classical and Hellenistic Sculpture
Critical Review of Sculpture
Life Size Busts
Group Gift Busts
Memorials and Monuments
Holmes and Sculpture
Work in Progress
Scientific Fine Art
This image illustrates the path of the facial nerve which
innervates the muscles of facial expression. After exiting from the stylomastoid foramen of
the skull, the facial nerve passes inferiorly then anterior-laterally to the posterior
belly of the digastric muscle and lateral to the external carotid artery, the styloid
process and posterior facial vein. The facial nerve then enters the parotid gland. Lying
between the medial and lateral lobes of the parotid gland, the facial nerve splits into
two main divisions, the temporalfacial and the cervicofacial portions. The two main
divisions sub-branch into five main branches: temporal, zygomatic, buccal, mandibular, and
This image illustrates the SMAS or the superficial
muscular and aponeurotic system of the face, an important structure in the recent
developments of face lift surgery. The SMAS extends and invests the muscles of facial
expression involving fibers of the frontalis, the risorius, the peripheral part of the
orbicularis oculi, and the platysma. The SMAS is a sheet of fascia to which the
muscles of facial expression are attached. It extends from the fontalis and temporal
fascia to the platysma. It is attached to the zygomatic arch and posteriorly to the fascia
of the tragus. This aponeurotic structure acts as a tensor of the facial muscles and is
important in the face lift operation. However branches of the facial nerve lie just below
the SMAS and are vulnerable to injury. As can be seen in the illustration, the safe areas
for sub-SMAS dissection are over the parotid and temporal area posterior to the
temporal branch of the facial nerve.
This image illustrates the vertical
incision made to repair a fracture of the patella.
This image illustrates the suture repair
made to patellar tendon and lateral and collateral ligaments.
This image illustrates the fractures to
the Left Tibia and Fibula
This image illustrates the repair to a
fracture of right ankle.
This image illustrates the insertion of
an awl into the tibia
This image illustrates the jig used to
drill and measure the intermedullary nail.
This image illustrates the passage of the
intramedulary nail over the guide
This image illustrates the distal
fixation of the intramedulary nail.
This image illustrates a laceration of
This image illustrates the repair of the
ruptured biceps tendon.